In Illinois, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates waste disposal. Under EPA regulation, all infectious or biohazardous material is regulated as hazardous waste. The same rules apply for medical sharps like needles and other instruments used to inject patients with various medications. This means that there are specific laws governing how these materials should be handled once they have been used on a patient and then cleaned in a hospital's facility. In general, hospitals must dispose of any contaminated items by either incineration or autoclaving them before sending them off-site for landfill disposal. Hospitals also need to ensure that biohazardous waste from laboratories is disposed of properly so it does not pose any health hazards to the community.
The Illinois Biohazardous Waste Management Act states that all healthcare facilities are responsible for cleaning and disposing of biohazardous waste materials in a way which is compliant with state regulations. Hospitals or other health care facilities must maintain an appropriate contingency plan to address the cleanup, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal methods used by their staff or private companies.
When a biohazard happens at someone's home in Illinois it is usually from a death or accident. Even though this has happened in a home the blood soaked materials will need to be properly disposed of and the laws should be abided. The company that does biohazard cleaning in Illinois is Actremediation.com